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Community Resources

Free & Low Cost Health Resources

These resources are suggested by the Hillsborough Township Health department.

If there is an emergency please call 911

 

Zufall Health Center: (908) 526-2335 www.zufallhealth.org

 

Neighborhood Health Services Corporation (*Plainfield) (908) 753-6401 www.nhscnj.org

                                             

Zarepath Health Center: (732) 537-0737 www.zhcenter.org

 

RWJ Physician Enterprise Somerset Family Practice

(908) 685-2900 www.rwjpe.com/locations/RWJPESomersetFamilyPractice

 

Hillsborough Health Department Clinics

(Includes flu shot, rabies, child health, and health fair)

(908) 369-5652 www.hillsborough-nj.org/departments/health-new

 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention

(800) 232-4636 www.cdc.gov

 

*Federally Qualified Health Center- a national health care facility that accepts health insurance including Medicare and Medicaid, and provides adjusted fees for services according to income.

 

QuitNet: Smoking Cessation: quitnet.meyouhealth.com

 

Richard Hall Community Mental Health Center

(908) 231-7000 www.co.somerset.nj.us/goverment/human-services/mental-health

 

Smokefree.gov: www.smokefree.gov

 

Senior Wellness Exercise Classes & Activities:

Hillsborough Township Social Services:

(908) 369-3880 www.hillsborough-nj.org/departments/social

 

Somerset Treatment Service: Treatment and prevention for anger management, substance abuse, psychiatric services, women's services etc. (908) 722-1232

www.somersettreatmentservices.org

 

Community Programs offered by the local hospitals:

www.hunterdonhealthcare.org/calendar

www.rwjuh.edu/rwjuh/events.aspx?calendar=y

www.princetonhcs.org/phcs-home/who-we-serve/community/community-education-amp-outreach/whats-happening.aspx

Heart Health Information: www.heart.org

In collaboration with Hillsborough Township Health Department

and RVCC nursing students

Rodolfo Flores

Mariel Lambino

Lavern Gayle-Scott

Angela Saggese

Risk factors for heart disease project for Hillsborough Township

High Blood Pressure

Know your BP range

There are 75 million people with high blood pressure.  That's 1 of 3 U.S. adults, according to CDC. Majority of the population do not know they have high blood pressure.  There are no signs or symptoms.  That is why it's called a "Silent killer".  This is why it is important to check your blood pressure frequently. To learn more click below.

Prevention:

  • Control with diet and drugs

  • Lifestyle changes

  • Monitor blood pressure

  • Reduce salt intake

  • Stop tobacco use

  • Perform physical activity

  • Weight control

Cholesterol

Know your Cholesterol level

High blood cholesterol can cause plaques that block the blood flow  in the arterial wall.  This increases the risk for heart attack and stroke.  There are no signs and symptoms for high cholesterol.

It is important to get screened for cholesterol to determine the risk for cardiovascular disease.

Prevention:

  • Take prescribed medication

  • Cholesterol screening

  • Perform physical activity daily

  • Increase intake amount of vegetables, fiber and complex carbs.

  • Reduce total fat intake

  • Reduce animal (saturated) fat intake

Recommended Reference range:

  • Cholesterol: <200 mg/dL

  • Triglycerides: <150 mg/dL

  • HDL:  Male >40 mg/dL, Female >50 mg/dL

  • LDL: <100 mg/dL

Source (Medical Surgical Nursing 9th edition)

Diabetes

Know your Sugar level

Heart disease death rate is 2-4 times higher than the rate for adults without diabetes. 

 

Types of diabetes.

  1. Type 1 - Absent or minimal insulin production.

  2. Type 2 - Insulin resistance, and decrease production of insulin over time.

  3. Pre-diabetes - High blood glucose but lower than that is considered diagnostic for diabetes

  4. Gestational Diabetes - diabetes during pregnancy

Prevention:

  • Follow a diabetic diet

  • Reduce weight

  • Take anti-diabetic medications

  • Monitor glucose levels. 

  • Normal glucose range: 70-120

  • Fasting Glucose: <126 mg/dL

  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test: <200mg/dL

  • Random Glucose:<200 mg/dL

  • A1C: <6.0%

Source: Medical Surgical Nursing 9th Edition

 

High salt diets and not enough intake of vegetables, fruits and whole grains contributed to 400,000 related deaths with heart and blood vessel disease in 2015.

Researchers evaluated risk factors of heart diseases related to diet.  They found that low intake of nuts and seeds results in 11.6 % deaths, low vegetable intake linked to 11.5 % and low intake of whole grains linked to 10.4 %  Excessive salt intake is linked to 9% of deaths

Source: (American heart association)

Prevention:

  • Maintain and achieve healthy weight

  • Monitor calorie intake

  • Prepare and eat smaller meals

  • Reduced food that's high in fats

  • Increase dietary fiber by eating beans, whole grain, fruit and vegetables

  • Reduce salt intake

  • Remove skin from poultry and use lean cuts meat

Bad Eating Habits

Obesity is associated with metabolic imbalance leading to dyslipidemia (abnormal amount of lipids in the blood), diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases (CVD)

Hypoadiponectinemia (A reduced level of adiponectin in the bloodstream) is an independent risk factor for hypertension and promotes aortic stiffness.

Lifestyle modifications aiming at weight reduction by physical activity, dietary changes, breathing exercises and stress relaxation have a specific role in the management as well as prevention of chronic diseases.

Source:( Sarvottam & Yadav: Yoga-Based intervention for obesity related to CVD)

Prevention:

Physical Activity:

  • At least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity.

  • Weight training twice a week

  • Example of moderate exercise activity: swimming, walking, biking and hiking.

Rest and Relaxation:

  • Regular practice of pranayama and meditation to improves cardiovascular metabolic status.

  • Yoga postures

  • Yoga improves adiponectin level, serum lipids and metabolic syndrome risk factors in obese postmenopausal women.

  • Yoga is known to induce relaxation by lowering cortisol level and increasing beta-endorphins.

  • Smoking causes the majority of CHD events in any age group.

  • Nicotine releases cathecholamines, which are neurohormones that cause increase in heart rate and blood pressure, and vasoconstriction.

  • This increases the work load for heart.  Smoking releases oxygen radicals that add to vessel inflammation and thrombosis.  To add to this insult to the body, carbon monoxide competes with oxygen in the hemoglobin.  This results in a decrease in oxygen availability for the myocardium.

Source: Lewis, Dirksen, Heiistkemper, Bucher, 2014)

Prevention:

  • Smoking cessation program

  • Nicotine replacement therapy

Tobacco Smoking

 

Lack of Physical Activity and Relaxation

Risk Factors for Heart Disease

H - High blood pressure, High cholesterol and High blood sugar

E - Eating habits: High in Salt; High in Cholesterol; High in Sugar

A - Lack of physical Activity

R - Lack of Rest and Relaxation

T - Tobacco smoking

 

March 15, 2017

In collaboration with Hillsborough Health Department, The RVCC Nursing Students will bring a health and wellness afternoon for the community.   FREE confidential heart health screening will be provided including Blood Pressure Check, BMI Evaluation and health education. Join us on MARCH 15, 2017.

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